From running display advertising campaigns, live-tweeting debates, or being spoofed in Drake’s ‘Hotline Bling’ music video…
…presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders have made it clear that digital is a priority for their 2016 Presidential Election campaigns.
(RELATED: Crafting a Digital Advertising Plan)
Today, we’ll use a tool called WhatRunsWhere (Disclosure: I work for WhatRunsWhere) to do some ethical “spying” on the digital strategies of these Democratic front-runners.
Editor’s Note: At DigitalMarketer, we use WhatRunsWhere to research the media buying strategy and tactics of our competitors. What Runs Where is the bee’s knees. <<< That’s a technical term. 😉
In this analysis, you’ll see…
- How many unique ad creatives each candidate is using
- What the top performing ad creatives look like
- How many different publishers each candidate is using
- Which specific publishers the candidates are using
- Which candidate has the greater Share of Voice (SOV)
Once we’ve considered all of these criteria — we’ll crown one of these candidates a winner — or at least a better digital marketer.
SPOILER ALERT: Somebody should get this article to the Bernie Sanders campaign team STAT! 🙂
The State of Digital Ad Spend in Politics
Digital media ad spend will reach $1 billion in 2016. This is a 5000% increase from the $22.25 million spent on digital ads during the last election in 2008. According to the study, political spend in the digital space will continue to be a priority in the future.
We’ll focus our analysis in What Runs Where on banner advertising specifically.
Scope of Analysis
To get an understanding of the display advertising strategies of Clinton and Sanders on desktop and mobile, we analyzed data encompassing a 60-day period of display advertising activity ending on January 18th, 2016, in the United States.
On both desktop and mobile, we analyzed the data tracked on:
Hillary Clinton vs Bernie Sanders: Desktop and Mobile Banner Ad Strategy
First, we looked at Clinton and Sanders’ display ad strategies overall. We tracked a total of 271 publishers used in the mobile space and 180 in the desktop space. Our research also revealed that more ads were served on mobile (131) than desktop (102).
When it came to the types of ads used in these political campaigns, it was clear that text ads were preferred (62%), over banner (38%) and native ads (0.4%).
Next, we analyzed the breakdown of the 102 unique creatives uncovered on desktop only. Looking at the creatives ratio below, it’s evident that text ads were the preferred ad type in this space. The remaining ads were banner ads (30%) and a small portion (1%) were native ads.
Breaking down the unique creatives by advertiser we can see two different strategies. Clinton employed a significantly higher number of unique creatives, 97, compared to Sanders who only used 5.
Furthermore, Clinton combined banner, text and native ads into her strategy while Sanders only focused on banner ads.
In the mobile space, we uncovered a total of 146 unique creatives employed by Clinton and Sanders. A notably higher number than what was used on desktop. Looking at the creatives ratio, we can see that only banner and text ads were used on mobile.
No native ads were employed. While text ads were preferred overall (56%), there was still a significant number of banner ads used (44%).
When analyzing the advertisers individually, we noticed their mobile creative strategies were similar to desktop. Clinton again employed a combination of ads (banner and text) and a much higher number of unique creatives. 128 unique creatives for Clinton, just 3 for Sanders.
Another important element of our investigation involved the actual ads used to promote Clinton and Sanders’ platforms. To determine top performing ads, WhatRunsWhere used the Adstrength score:
The score calculated based on an internal algorithm that indicates which ads in our database have been performing the best over the course of our data collecting history.
First, here are the top banner ads found on desktop for hillaryclinton.com and go.berniesanders.com:
Let’s take a look at the common elements that make these ads effective:
- Both advertisers clearly brand their banner ads with their name so the audience can easily identify who the ad is for.
- While Sanders uses his full name, Clinton primarily uses just her first name to promote her brand.
- Almost all of the ads include images of the candidates, again allowing for easy brand identification
- The candidates have different strategies for their call-to-action (CTA) statements.
- Sanders uses one consistent statement — ‘Join the Political Revolution’.
- Clinton uses a variety of CTAs — ‘Join Hillary for America’, ‘Add your name’ and ‘Sign me up’. Using personal pronouns, such as ‘me’ and ‘my’, directly address the audience to build a connection.
- One of Clinton’s banner ads also encourages audiences to wish the candidate a happy birthday by ‘signing the card’ — again building a personal connection.
- Another common element is the use of the color red throughout all of the ads. This is a color that excites people and provokes a sense of urgency causing them to react — therefore it’s an appropriate color to use when enticing audiences to support your political campaign.
Looking at the top mobile ads, again determined by Adstrength score, you’ll notice the designs are similar to the ads used on desktop. Having consistency on both channels allows audiences to easily identify the candidate’s unique brand no matter where they are exposed to it.
- Once again we see personal pronouns used by Clinton.
- Sanders’ banner ad also uses more personalized messaging by stating that he is ‘fighting to make America work for the rest of us’.
- Sanders’ CTA ‘Join Us’ seems to be a shortened version of the ’Join the Revolution’ CTA used in desktop banner ads.
After analyzing the creatives used by each candidate, we wanted to get a better understanding of the types of publishers they used to serve their ads. On desktop, we tracked a total of 180 publishers; 175 by Clinton and 5 by Sanders.
We also discovered that the most preferred type of publisher used to serve ads was News, Portal & Search. The candidates also tried to capture attention on Personal Pages & Blogs, Legal Issues, Community Forums and Streaming and Downloadable Video themed publishers.
On mobile, 271 publishers were used by Clinton and Sanders to serve ads.
Similar to the desktop space, News, Portal & Search was the top choice for publisher category on mobile. The remaining categories were also the same except for Music publishers which were not a top category on desktop.
Here is a list of the top publishers being employed by the Hilary Clinton campaign (desktop and mobile):
Here is a list of the top publishers being employed by the Bernie Sanders campaign (desktop and mobile):
The final element of analysis before determining whether Clinton or Sanders is the louder advertiser involves their ad placement strategies.
Did they prefer direct media buys over ad networks? Or vice versa?
On desktop, 72% of the ads were placed through ad networks while 28% of the ads were placed through direct media buys. When it came to network preferences, the Google Display Network was used to serve 69% of the ads while Outbrain (a Content Distribution Network) was used to serve 3% of the ads.
So how do the individual candidate strategies compare? We can see that Clinton used both ad networks and direct media buys to place ads while Sanders only used ad networks.
Similar to the desktop space, you can see that on mobile, ad networks were also preferred over direct media buys. When it came to mobile network preference, we can see that 54% of ads were placed through AdMob and 32% were placed through the Google Display Network.
When analyzing Clinton and Sanders’ channel strategies on mobile, we see similar approaches to what was done on desktop. Clinton combined both ad networks and direct media buys, while Sanders only used ad networks.
Which Candidate is Ruling the Display Advertising Space?
After a thorough investigation of the display advertising strategies for hillaryclinton.com and go.berniesanders.com, it is time to reveal who the loudest advertiser on desktop and mobile is.
To determine this, we look at Share of Voice (SOV). This is a value given to each advertiser derived from its presence across its industry specific competitive display advertising landscape. The higher the Share of Voice value, the “louder” the advertiser’s “voice” is among competitors in the same industry, as determined by the parameters of the search.
So, what does the data from 60 days of display advertising activity on desktop and mobile say?
…..It is clear that Hillary Clinton is the loudest advertiser.
So what were the contributing factors of success?
In both channels, Clinton employed a higher volume of unique creatives and publishers. She also chose a strategy that combined direct media buys and ad networks to place her ads.
Although the design of her creatives had similar elements to Sanders’, her strategy for distribution resulted in a higher Share of Voice (SOV).
How can you learn from these campaigns to build a winning strategy in the display advertising world?
Based on our analysis, we recommend the following elements for a successful online display media buying strategy in the United States:
- Diverse employment of publisher categories to access audiences in various niches.
- Image based creative that use personal pronouns, strong CTAs and actionable colors.
- Combination of direct media buys and ad networks to place ads.
- Large number of publishers to deploy ads (180+ in desktop, 270+ in mobile)
Are you seeing the power of “spying” on your competitors?
While you may not be running for President of the United States, you can certainly use a competitive intelligence tool like What Runs Where to win in your business.
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